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Palmyrene loculus relief depicting a man

Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek

Summary

A man, Yedîʽbêl, is depicted on a grave relief. The background is slightly weathered and a fragment of the upper right corner is missing. The portrait itself is well-preserved, only with a slightly weathered surface. Two inscriptions are visible, one in the upper left corner, and one in the upper right corner. Both inscriptions carry traces of a dark pigment.

Yedîʽbêl’s hair is depicted in the shape of snail-shell curls and he wears a full beard. Furthermore, he is wearing a tunic and a himation. He is holding a book-roll in his left hand, and his left little finger is adorned with a finger ring.

Description of object

A man, Yedîʽbêl, is depicted on a loculus relief. The background is slightly weathered and a fragment of the upper right corner is missing. The portrait itself is well-preserved, only with a slightly weathered surface. Two inscriptions are visible, one in the upper left corner, and one in the upper right corner. Both inscriptions carry traces of a dark pigment.

Yedîʽbêl has a large head, which is turned slightly towards his left side. His hair is arranged in rows of ’snailshell-curls’. His forehead is protruding and the eyebrows are plastically rendered, indicated by vertical ridges. The eyes are large and almond-shaped and his iris is indicated by an incised circle, while the pupils are indicated by small depressions. His nose is wide and the ears are slightly protruding and roughly made. Yedîʽbêl has a full, wavy beard, which is indicated by ridges. The mouth is small and the lower lip is particularly full. He is wearing a tunic with a v-shaped neckline and with semi-circular folds indicated by ridges on the chest. He is also wrapped in a himation, covering both arms and the left side of his chest. The folds are indicated by ridges. The arms are under proportioned. His right arm is held in a sling created by the himation and the left arm is flexed and held in front of the torso. The fingers of the right hand are slightly flexed around a fold of the himation. The fingers of his left hand are also slightly flexed, holding on to a book-roll between his index finger and his thumb. Fingernails are indicated. Yedîʽbêl is wearing a wide finger ring, with a central inlay, on his left little finger.

Inscription: (Upper left corner) MLKW | [BR] PṢYʾL | ʽBL

Malkû, son of Peṣîʾêl. Alas!

CIS: 4556 PAT: 0917

(Upper right corner) [YDY]ʽBL BR | [M] QYMW KLB [N/W/Y] | ḤBL

[Yedî]bêl, son of [Mo]qîmû, son of Kalbân (or Kalbû/Kalbai). Alas!

CIS: 4555 PAT: 0916

Choice of methods

Visual examination

  • Macroscopic

Bibliography

Ingholt Archive

H. Ingholt (1928), Studier over Palmyrensk Skulptur, København, 113, PS 211.

F.O. Hvidberg-Hansen & G. Ploug (1993), Palmyra Samlingen, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, København, 94, no. 51.

G. Ploug (1995), Catalogue of Palmyrene Sculptures, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen, 134-135, no. 51.

  • IN 1146
  • Portrait relief
  • c. 170-190 C.E.
  • Roman Imperial
  • Limestone
  • Puttmann in Syria.
  • H: 50 cm.; W: 37 cm.; D: 23 cm.

Selected photos

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